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给儿童的双语资讯,没睡好是因为没喝够水

发布时间:2019-09-14 02:02编辑:学校浏览(108)

    Many people don‘t get enough sleep, with a recent study claiming that the average Briton gets just six hours of shut-eye a night。

    Today's quote: Every time man makes a new experiment, he always learns more. He cannot learn less.

    很多人晚上的睡眠不足。最新的一项研究表明,英国人的平均睡眠一晚上只有6个小时。

    - Buckminster Fuller

    Reasons for sleepless nights vary and are often linked to underlying psychological issues ,but a new study claims that it could be down to simply not having drunk enough water the day before。

    今日名言:每当我们开始一个新的实验的时候,只会学到更多,不会更少。

    晚上睡不着的理由有很多,不过通常都和潜在心理因素有关,但是最新的研究却把它归结于前一天没有喝够水。

    Drink up!

    - A new studyshows that many kids aren’t drinking enough water

    By Zachary Humenik (Time for Kids)

    Summer is almost here, and the weather is heating up. Are you drinking enough water? Many kids aren't, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Public Health.

    图片 1

    The study's lead author, Erica Kenney, a scientist at Harvard's T.H. Chan School of Public Health, originally planned to look into the amount of sugary drinks kids were consuming in schools. However, during her research she found that many kids were simply not drinking enough water.

    Kenney and her team examined data from a group of 4,000 children, ages 6 to 19, between the years of 2009 and 2012. The data was taken from the National Health and Nutrition Survey, a study on the health of children in the United States conducted each year by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

    While looking through the survey results, she noticed that more than half of the kids who participated were dehydrated. Of that group, boys were 76% more likely than girls to not have enough water in their system. Nearly one quarter of the kids in the survey reported drinking no plain water at all.

    "There findings are significant because they highlight a potential health issue that has not been given a lot of attention in the past," Kenney said in a statement, " Even though for most of these kids this is not an immediate, dramatic health threat, this is an issue that could really be reducing quality of life and well-being for many children and youth."

    How much is enough?

    The human body is made up of 60% water. It regulates body temperature, delivers oxygen all over the body, assists in digestion, and performs various other tasks that keep our bodies healthy.

    Not drinking enough water can lead to health problems such as headaches, irritability, poor physical performance, and even more serious issues. Your body needs more water when you are in hot climates, when you are physically active, and if you have a fever.

    The United States National Agriculture Library says on average, kids need between 10 to 14 cups of water every day. This water can come from a mix of drinks and foods that contain high amounts of water, such as celery, melons, or tomatoes. It is also recommended that fluids come from water instead of sugary drinks that are high in calories and can lead to weight problems.

    Tips for staying hydrated

    The United States Center for Disease Control offers the following tips for people to stay hydrated:

    - Carry a water bottle for easy access

    - Freeze some freezer-safe water bottles. Take one with you for ice-cole water all day long.

    - Choose water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages

    - Choose water instead of other beverages when eating out. Generally, you will save money and reduce calories

    - Give your water a little pizzar by adding a wedge of lime or lemon. This may improve the taste, and you just might drink more water than you usually do

    According to research carried out by academics at Penn State University, Pennsylvania, people who slept for six hours a night had significantly more concentrated urine and were more dehydrated compared to those who regularly slept eight hours a night, which is the recommended amount。?

    喝起来!

    一个新的调查显示很多孩子没有喝足够量的水

    作者:Zachary Humenik (时代周刊少儿版)

    夏天近在咫尺了, 天气也越来越热。你喝了足够量的水了吗?根据美国公共健康杂志最新发表的调研表示,大多孩子并没有摄入充足的水分。

    这项调研的主导者是哈佛公共卫生学院的科学家艾莉卡.肯尼,她原本是想调查孩子们在学校会摄入多少含糖的饮料,但她的调研却发现大多孩子在学校很少喝水。

    在2009年至2012年期间,肯尼和她的团队研究了4000名年龄在6-19岁的孩子的数据,这些数据来源于国家健康及营养调研报告,该报告是每年由美国疾病预防控制中心制作的。

    在浏览报告后,她发现参与调研的孩子中,处于缺水状态的超过半数。在报告数据中,男孩比女孩体内缺水的可能性高出76%。有近四分之一的孩子根本就不喝水。

    “这些发现很重要,因为它们让我们关注到以往忽略了的健康隐患,”肯尼在发表的声明中如是说,“尽管对于大多孩子来说,这不会立即对健康有很大的影响,但这个问题的确会对孩子和青少年的体质和健康造成不利。”

    喝多少水才能满足健康需求呢?

    人体60%是由水构成的,它能够调控体温,将氧气输送给身体,帮助消化,在各个方面发挥着作用,让我们的身体保持健康。

    没有摄入足够的水分会导致健康问题,如头痛、易怒、体能差甚至更严重的问题。天气炎热的环境下、运动时和发烧时,你的身体需要更多的水分。

    美国国家农业图书馆表示平均来说,每个孩子每天要喝10-14杯水。这个量也包括摄入含有大量水分的食物,比如芹菜、甜瓜或者西红柿。此外,用高卡路里的含糖饮料来取代水的摄入,会导致肥胖问题。

    补充水分的小窍门

    以下是美国疾控中心给大家的补水小窍门:

    -随身带着水壶

    -在可用于冷冻的杯子中冷冻一些水,这样第二天带着,整天就可以有冰水喝

    -不要用饮料来代替水

    -在外吃饭时也喝水来代替饮料,这样不但省钱,还健康

    -可以在白水中加点料,如几片酸橙和柠檬。这样不但可以提升口感,你也更愿意多喝水

    来自宾夕法尼亚州立大学的研究发现,就算喝了相同推荐量的水,那些每天只睡6小时一天的人,比那些每天睡8小时的人,更要频繁的上厕所和缺水。

    图片 2

    The study, published in the journal SLEEP, involved more than 20,000 adults in the US and China, all of whom had their sleeping habits and urine samples analysed。

    [c表在《睡眠》杂志上的研究,调查了2万多来自美国和中国的成人的睡眠习惯和排尿模式。[/cn]

    The authors concluded that the links between sleep quality and hydration are down to a hormone in the body called vasopressin。

    作者总结了睡眠质量和饮水量之间的关系在于体内的一种荷尔蒙细胞叫,抗利尿激素。

    “Vasopressin is released both more quickly and later on in the sleep cycle,” explains lead author Asher Rosinger,“

    抗利尿激素根据睡眠的模式,加快或者延缓作用。”主要作者Asher Rosinger说。

    “So, if you‘re waking up earlier, you might miss that window in which more of the hormone is released, causing a disruption in the body’s hydration。

    如果你醒地很早的话,你就会错过这个荷尔蒙释放,会影响你身体的喝水量。

    “If you are only getting six hours of sleep a night, it can affect your hydration status。

    如果你每晚只睡6个小时,就会影响你的摄入水量。

    “This study suggests that if you‘re not getting enough sleep, and you feel bad or tired the next day, drink extra water。”

    “研究表明,如果你没睡够的话,第二天你会感觉很差、很累,然后你会喝更多的水。”

    Dehydration can have a number of adverse effects on the body, such as dizziness, feeling drowsy and having dark-coloured, strong-smelling urine。

    缺水会引起身体好多副作用,比如头昏,嗜睡,尿液色深味重。

    The most obvious way to stay hydrated is to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day and avoid or limit drinks such as caffeine, tea and alcohol, which can dehydrate the body。

    保持体内水最有效的方法就是多喝水,但是要避免喝咖啡因,茶,酒,会让身体脱水的饮料。

    But when it comes to how much water one should drink each day, the advice is conflicting, with some experts suggesting as much as four litres while others say two。

    不过就关于每天要喝多少水,在意见方面专家们却又冲突,有的说要喝4升,而又的说只要2升。

    A recent study revealed that half of Britons have no idea how much water they should be drinking daily, while a third admitted they fail to keep themselves properly hydrated and don‘t drink water unless it’s mixed with something else。

    最近的研究表明英国人对于一天要喝多少水没有概念,有三分之一的人承认自己不能及时喝水,而且如果不加点什么东西,就喝不下白开水。

    “There are many healthy and delicious ways to beat dehydration,” a public health nutritionist commented at the time。

    “还有许多健康美味的方法来防止身体脱水“一位公共健康营养学专家当即表示。

    “For example, try adding mixed berries to your water,” she told The Independent, “adding three to four mixed berries - raspberries, blueberries and strawberries - could help increase your vitamin C consumption。

    在接受Independent采访时他说“比如你可以在水里面加点莓类,三四种混合-树莓,蓝莓和草莓,可以补充你体内的维生素C的消耗。”

    “So, not only does it keep you hydrated, taste great, it also has added health benefits。”

    “这样不仅能让你保持体内水分,还好吃,对健康还有好处。”

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